PART 2 - WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT STRESS - A SIMPLE EXPLANATION

Last time we had an overview of Stress, the Fight/Flight/Freeze/Fawn response and a simple relaxation exercise. This time let us have a look at the various different causes of Stress, which in some form or other we have all experienced and can relate to and most definitely recognise


THE 3 STAGES OF STRESS




COMMON STRESSORS



WORK RELATED

SOCIALLY RELATED

Work overload

Loss of job

Pressure of management

Death (spouse/family,pet)

Lack of support

Personal injury

Victimization/bullying

Financial changes

Changing the goal posts

Pregnancy

Unclear procedures

Retirement

Bad communication

Moving home

Increased working hours

Conflicting demands

Unrealistic targets

Family

Basic lack of training

​Illness

Unsought promotion

​Bills

Not enough breaks or holidays

​Bullying

Doing routine or boring work

Religious &/or social beliefs

Lack of responsibility

Too much responsibility

Marital problems

​Marital problems



EARLY SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF STRESS

EMOTIONAL / PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNS

PHYSICAL SIGNS

Concentration is reduced

​Unexplained Aches and Pains

Depression

Appetite Change(more/ less)

Forgetfulness

Digestive problems

Increased mistakes

Sleeplessness & Tiredness

Irritability

Sweating & trembling

Anxiety

Palpitations & heart disease

Loss of confidence

Work style change



EARLY BEHAVIOURAL CHANGES


Less interest in. work and with colleagues

  • Difficulty in making decisions

  • Lowered tolerance level

  • Increased loss of temper

  • Increased alcohol / cigarette / caffeine / drug intake

  • Uncharacteristically aggressive and / or tearful

Pretty unpleasant isn’t it.

Now let’s look at the short- and long-term effects of stress in each individual.



SHORT & LONG TERM EFFECTS OF STRESS




EMOTIONAL

PHYSICAL

BEHAVIOURAL

Complete lethargy or hyperactivity

Allergies & skin rashes

Accident proneness & clumsiness

Complete burn out/mental/ Cancer

physical breakdown

Cancer

Addition to stimulants

Irrationality

Diabetes

Breakdown of personal and family relationships

Hair loss

Heart disease

Frequent absence from work

High blood pressure

Gastric & intestinal ulcers and/or other digestive disorders

Mood swings

Overall work inefficiency







Stress can also be a good state to have – it helps us meet our daily challenges and motivates us to reach our goals, ultimately making us smarter, happier and healthier.